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Lecture Notes Handouts

Page history last edited by Chris Werry 3 months, 1 week ago


 

Under Construction

 

 

 

Authoritarian Populism 

 

Demagoguery

  1. A week of conspiracy theories 
  2. Introduction to demagoguery and authoritarian populism - Powerpoint version, Google slides
  3. Examples, video  links, links to slides
  4. Factors contributing to culture of demagoguery 
  5. Google doc group work 
  6. Excerpts to analyze - Wallace, Warner, Earnest.

 

 

Winner and  Politics of Design

 

 

Group Work - May, Tufekci, Hannah-Jones

 

Resources for Understanding Structural Disadvantage and Racial Wealth Gap 

 

 

Boyd, Wineburg and Critical Digital Literacy

 

 

Memes & Workshoping Drafts

 

 

Demagoguery 

 

Authoritarian Populism  

 

  1. Twitter and ChCh shooting videos
  2. Twitter and Covid misinformation:  "Twitter said it will no longer enforce its longstanding Covid misinformation policy, 
    yet another sign of how Elon Musk plans to transform the social media company he bought a month ago." 
    https://www.cnn.com/2022/11/29/tech/twitter-covid-misinformation-policy  
  3. Nobel Peace Prize winner Maria Ressa on Late Show says social media has “used free speech to stifle free speech.
  4. Fuentes and Kanye meet president Trump.  
  5. https://twitter.com/RightWingWatch/status/1592598676886949888 
  6. https://twitter.com/ronfilipkowski/status/1596107372992176128?s=12&t=FUdtX9WkIlFkxa633uCcYA  
  7. Connectionshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5nuCO-4YIr8 
  8.  Celebrating Nick Fuentes' dinner with Trump, white nationalist Vincent James claims that "our beliefs have in fact infiltrated the mainstream flank of GOP politics."
    He suggests social media has played a key role. https://twitter.com/RightWingWatch/status/1598055740098641923
  9. Algorithmic protest The protests in China are using blank A4 sheets of paper instead of protest signs - to make their protest visible
    but not searchable to AI content moderation. It's being called the A4 revolution. Chinese government censors are struggling to delete all images of blank paper from the internet.
    https://twitter.com/jilltxt/status/1597905246776594433
    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-11479717/Xi-Jinpings-censors-overwhelmed-scrub-rebels-blank-sheets-paper-Internet.html

 

 


Fake News, Misinformation, Disinformation

  1. Fake news - misinfo, disinfo, info war. Fake news and the election. Trump and conspiracy theories
  2. Wylie, CA and Cadwallader - 9.00 - placement.  CA and Wylie, Guardian. 4 mins.  
  3. A story from CNN about a black martial arts group secretly funded by Russian operatives who wanted to create the
    impression Black Lives Matters activists were planning a race war. The people running the martial arts clubs had no idea who was funding their work operation.
  4. A protest in Houston that was manufactured in Russia, with neither side realizing. "Heart of Texas" activists turned out to protest an Islamic Center opening,
    while the Islamic group was told their opponents were attacking them, and should protest.  
  5. Full Frontal with Samantha Bee’s segment on ‘Fake News, Real Consequences’   
  6. The spinner video - use fake news to manipulate people around you (article) THE SPINNER (manipulate people). 
  7. Dark Data.” Christopher Wylie (the Facebook/Cambridge Analytica whistleblower) and a Russian journalist talk about dark data and militarized social media. “Data is being used to influence elections and invade our privacy. Hear whistleblower Christopher Wylie and Russian investigative journalist Andrei Soldatov explain why this is one of the most important issues of our age.”  
  8. Memorial Day, NYC, 1975.  Adam ruins everything on schools, property taxes and race: sociological TikTok?  Fast Company on the sociology of racial wealth inequality.
    "Housing Segregation and Redlining: A Short History | Code Switch | NPR. Mr drain, quick one, Redlining, drains and road quality in Oakland CA. (TikTok). TikTok on Redlining. 

  9. More Exercises. Use this screenshot from the election fraud video to do a reverse image search. What does this tell you?
    Do reverse image search on this image from an instagram post claiming the CA fires were created by the government (see MTG space lasers, and CA fires.) 
    Use ARCHIVE.ORG - to examine how public figures or organizations represent themselves online, and how this changes over time. Example, Hillary Clinton
    (https://www.hillaryclinton.com/) or the Boy Scouts (https://www.scouting.org/)

  10. Powerpoint on critical digital literacy and search
  11. Background on Boyd.  Boyd, Wineburg, and critical digital literacy. 1. Digital literacy exercises, Boyd and discussion questions. Boyd's quotations on the digital native. Document on definitions of digital literacy in Boyd, and frameworks for imagining digital literacy.  Wineberg et al on "Digital Hacks" for analyzing unfamiliar sites. 
  12. Sundiata extract - where do we see examples of the "oral culture," and "oral composition" described by Ong?  
  13. Thompson: Group Discussion Questions 
  14. Tufekci and MacNamee: Google, Algorithms and Extremism
  15. Google doc for selecting from a list of texts for 09/13. You will work in groups to select one text and 
    give a brief group summary/presentation on 09/13.  
  16. Thompson interview 
  17. Wall St journal on algorithms and extemism 
  18. Tufekci TED talk “We're building a dystopia just to make people click on ads” includes discussion of algorithms and extremism (esp around minute 14) 
  19. Tristan Harris on Brain Hacking – 60 Minutes, the Guardian on algorithms and 2016 election   

 

 

Handouts & Powerpoints 

 

Go to the “I Love America Facebook” group. https://www.facebook.com/Love444America/ - take a look.

  1. What do you see and notice about the site? (Do we all see the same thing in terms of items displayed?)
  2. What themes, values and ideas are promoted? Persuasion – what is going on? What effects might be aimed at?
  3. Who seems to be the audience? Check out the profiles of posters who are “top fans”
  4. Does it seem legitimate? How did you make this determination?

Aletnative (if still online) https://www.facebook.com/groups/718704434983730/ Explore “suggested groups”


(This page provides the background https://popular.info/p/massive-i-love-america-facebook-page

 

 

Fake News 2019

 

INTRODUCTION

  • News sites that are shared the most on Facebook this month
  • Zuckerberg questioned in Congress about his policy on allowing misleading information on FB
    The issue of whether Facebook should allow lies by politicians is raised at 3.44 (just prior he states that the policy is that incitements to violence are taken down).
    What do you think of Zuckerberg's position? Is the criticism of him fair?
  • Open letter by Facebook employees noting their concerns with Zuckerberg’s position. Read the letter and consider how it 
    responds to and complicates Zuckerberg's statement on fake news and free speech. Are you persuaded by the letter?
    Where do you agree/disagree?

SITES TO ANALYZE
DC Gazette, Political Insider, and USA Really news sites

  1. Classless DC Swamp Rats Boo President Trump at World Series Day https://dcgazette.com/2019/classless-dc-swamp-rats-boo-president-trump-at-world-series-day-after-isis-leader-killed-and-chant-lock-him-up-video/
  2. Hillary Thinks God Put Her On Earth to be President https://thepoliticalinsider.com/former-clinton-adviser-hillary-thinks-god-put-her-on-earth-to-be-president/
  3. Begin by looking at these two stories on USA Really, then take a look at the main home page
    https://usareally.com/3333-election-2020-black-community-scream-buy-our-votes
    https://usareally.com/4638-drunk-illegal-provoked-a-car-crash-that-claimed-lives-of-two-legal-immigrants
  4. Home page of USAReally https://usareally.com/

 

News Sites in Michigan 

  1. https://lansingsun.com/stories/513675102-state-spending-on-roads-to-increase-by-350-million-by-2021

  2. Look also at the Lansing Sun home page, https://lansingsun.com/.  What do you notice about it, and does it seem a credible source?

  3. The main source in the story on road spending by Hadley is to a newspaper story in the Michigan Capitol News. Examine this story, and the Michigan Capital News, https://micapitolnews.com/

   

[Caulfield’s analysis: https://twitter.com/holden/status/1186742462158524416?s=03 The NYTimes on this.] 

 

 

A sampler of some Russian Facebook ads from 2016

 

 

 

Are You Smarter than a Stanford Student?

Use your critical digital literacy skills to determine which of  these two sites seem more credible.

Compare the web sites for two organizations, the American College of Pediatricianshttps://www.acpeds.org/ and the American Academy 
of Pediatrics
https://www.aap.org/  Before googling these sites, start by examining them. Which seems more reliable, credible or 
authoritative, or do they both seem reliable, credible and authoritative? 

Now use your search skills to determine which seems more reliable, 
credible or authoritative. What do you find? (You could consider who links to the sites to help with this). How did you make your determination?

  1. https://www.acpeds.org/
  2. https://www.aap.org/en-us/Pages/Default.aspx

 

Skim this article. What  do you think?

Now look at the site's "about" page." What clues make you think credible (or not)? 

 

Now examine these sites. Do they seem credible or not? Do they have an agenda, and if so, what does it seem to be?

  1. https://www.smokefreeworld.org/ 
  2. https://www.realclearscience.com/articles/2019/04/24/the_problem_with_claiming_we_have_12_years_to_climate_breakdown.html
  3. https://www.nuclearmatters.com
  4. https://www.rt.com/news/438596-mh17-downing-russian-briefing/ 
  5. https://www.minimumwage.com/ and https://www.epionline.org/ 

 

 

 

Reverse image Searches to Determine Credibility

On Caulfield’s web page he has photos he invites people to check. Do a reverse image search to check the image of the bear chasing photographers and the image of the swan-disguise. Can you track down where they originally came from and whether they are real?https://hapgood.us/2017/01/04/todays-challenge-trace-viral-photos-upstream/

 

 

Caulfield's Digital Literacy Resources

 

Archive of Material to Analyze (Extremist, Fake News, Demagoguery)

 

Ads and tweets for analysis

 

Background 

 

 

 

Handouts & Powerpoints Fall 2017

 

 

Sample Lecture Notes & Handouts

 

 

Print, Newspapers in the Digital Age, and Remix

 

 

Digital Literacy & Education

  1. The series of MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media & Learning which are published by MIT Press, are some of the most influential, well-funded 
    and comprehensive collections of work on new media. Many reports are by well known scholars who research literacy, new media and education. The reports 
    cover everything from definitions of new media literacy, teaching with video games, to the future of learning institutions. 
    Some reports that seem of potential relevance to our work include The Future of the Curriculum (Ben Williamson), Learning at Not-School (A Review of Study, Theory, and 
    Advocacy for Education in Non-Formal Settings (Julian Sefton-Green), Kids and Credibility: An Empirical Examination of Youth, Digital Media Use, and Information Credibility
    (Andrew J. Flanagin and Miriam J. Metzger), The Future of Thinking: Learning Institutions in a Digital Age (Cathy N. Davidson and David Theo Goldberg), Living & Learning with
    New Media 
  2. Henry Jenkins, Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture Media Education for the 21st Century. Jenkins' report is one of the most widely cited discussions
    of the digital literacies emerging in the 21st century - what they look like, how they should be defined, how they could be supported.
  3. James Gee, "New Digital Media and Learning as an Emerging Area and “Worked Examples” as One Way Forward." A MacArthur foundation report 
    on Digital Media and Learning (other reports in the series are here). "In this report, James Paul Gee discusses the evolution of digital media and 
    learning (DMAL) from its infancy as an "academic area" into a more organized field or coherent discipline."
  4. Tablet wars: http://mashable.com/2013/08/29/news-corp-education-tablets/   and http://www.informationweek.com/education/instructional-it/amplify-tablet-hopes-to-rule-schools/240150167 

 

Clay Shirky

 

General Links

  • The Moodle/Blackboard Rap
  • Dana Boyd's giant bibliography on social networks http://www.danah.org/researchBibs/sns.php 
  • Avatars - reinventing Thornton and "character"? http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2007/06/15/magazine/20070617_AVATAR_SLIDESHOW_1.html
  • In "Ontology is Overrated," Clay Shirky refers to Yahoo's 1996 web site. You can use the web archive site, or way back machine (http://web.archive.org/) to look at web sites at moments in the past.  For example, consider Yahoo's 1996 web site, discussed by http://web.archive.org/web/19961228024612/http://www4.yahoo.com/  This site can be useful for examining changes to web sites over time. Former RWS511 students have used it to compare the way that presidential campaigns have changed their web sites in reaction to unfolding events but also to the potential of social media for political persuasion.
  • WAYBACK MACHINE and old web sites of republican candidates: http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/103317
  • HOW OCCUPY WALL STREET IS using internet – to coordinate everything (sending supplies, ordering food, etc.) - and functioning as part of a feedback loop – Ackerman’s post turns up on a sign, which is turned into a chant, and causes him to reflect on/change his argument. Protestors are reading blog analyses and this influences what they do.   http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/10/how-occupy-wall-street-is-like-the-internet/246759/
  • The first internet era movement in the U.S.? http://www.cnn.com/2011/10/05/opinion/rushkoff-occupy-wall-street/index.html
    "We are witnessing America's first true Internet-era movement, which does not take its cue from a charismatic leader, express itself in bumper-sticker-length goals and understand itself as having a particular endpoint. . Are they ready to articulate exactly what that problem is and how to address it? No, not yet. But neither are Congress or the president who, in thrall to corporate America and Wall Street, respectively, have consistently failed to engage in anything resembling a conversation as cogent as the many I witnessed as I strolled by Occupy Wall Street's many teach-ins this morning. There were young people teaching one another about, among other things, how the economy works, about the disconnection of investment banking from the economy of goods and services, the history of centralized interest-bearing currency, the creation and growth of the derivatives industry, and about the Obama administration deciding to settle with, rather than investigate and prosecute the investment banking industry for housing fraud.
    "Unlike a political campaign designed to get some person in office and then close up shop, this is not a movement with a traditional narrative arc. As the product of the decentralized networked-era culture, it is less about victory than sustainability. It is not about one-pointedness, but inclusion and groping toward consensus. It is not like a book; it is like the Internet." [ALTERNATIVE SITE OF DELIBERATION and democracy? Does this support Lessig's argument about a "remix," open source culture that expects government to function in a similar was? cf Lessig and "government 2.0"]

 

 

Social Networks & Facebook

 

 

Online Ed Questions

 

Beha Discussion Questions

  1. Did any parts of Beha’s article impress/surprise/annoy you?
  2. How is his article organized?  How do the main sections break down, and what do they “do”? 
  3. What is distinctive about UOP classes, according to Beha? What is distinctive about the teachers, content, the students, the way things are organized, etc.?
  4. What are his main claims? What do you think of the evidence he provides?
  5. On page 56 Beha claims most Americans “don’t understand the bargain we’ve signed up for.” Was this news to you? Do you agree with this way of framing the issue?
  6. Beha describes criticisms often leveled at institutions like UOP. What are these main criticisms?
  7. How does Beha define the problem? That is, what is wrong, who is responsible, what can be done to fix this?
  8. What do you think of Beha’s framing of critics and supporters of schools like UOP on page 54?
  9. What do you think of Beha’s critique, on page 55, of the college experience courses, which he claims confuse correlation and causation?

 

 

New Media Links

 

Search Literacy/Politics

 

 

 

 

 

REMIX CULTURE & SECONDARY ORALITY – the skills of Homer


John Seely-Brown argues that remix is key to a new and emerging digital literacies

  • “Reasoning classically has been concerned primarily with deductive, abstract types of reasoning. But what I see happening to today's kids as they work in this new digital medium has much more to do with bricolage than abstract logic. Bricolage, a concept originally studied by Levi Strauss many years ago, relates to the concrete. It has to do with the ability to find something—an object, tool, piece of code, document—and to use it in a new way and in a new context. In fact, virtually no system today is built from scratch or first principles—like the way I used to build systems—but rather from finding examples of code on the Web, borrowing "that code," bringing it onto their site, and then modifying it to fit their needs. Today's systems are built up through an extensive sense of bricolage—by cobbling or "wiring" together code fragments and extending or modifying such fragments when necessary. The catch, however, is that if you are going to become a successful bricoleur of the 21st century, a bricoleur of the virtual rather than of the physical, than as you borrow things you have to be able to decide whether or not to believe or trust those things.”

 

Remixing the internet http://thru-you.com/#/intro/

 

Global collaboration - VIRTUAL choir: 185 voices from 12 countries join a choir that spans the globe: "Lux Aurumque," composed and conducted by Eric Whitacre, merges hundreds of tracks individually recorded and posted to YouTube. It's an astonishing illustration of how technology can connect us. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zyLX2cke-Lw&feature=relmfu

http://www.ted.com/talks/a_choir_as_big_as_the_internet.html   

or http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7o7BrlbaDs#t=0m20s

 

PORK AND BEANS – commercial remix – comments on distributed collaboration and remixes user generated media  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQHPYelqr0E

 

What is Remix?  http://www.everythingisaremix.info/watch-the-series/

 

auto tune the news  Gregory brothers – news: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yghFBt-fXmw&feature=related
Charlie Sheen:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yghFBt-fXmw&feature=related

 

Remix is central to film school, many media classes
Scary Poppins http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2T5_0AGdFic

 

Comedians http://www.funnyordie.com/v1/view_video.php?viewkey=ebd93369ce542e8f2322

 

Singing in the rain http://www.milkandcookies.com/link/25187/detail

 

 

 

Carr & Shirky 

 

PBS Video of Carr.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zGY_RjqlSRU&index=2&list=PL97F4456471169A09
Video of Shirky – show it. To get a sense of his claims. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qu7ZpWecIS8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjupix8e2YU around 36 0r 42, to 53.00 minutes – SHIRKY RECANTS!! Second hand smoke.  Also recants on journalism.

 

Introduction to demagoguery - slides

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1tDSDK8Kt3FhV3loRP6WapTdklhsJYKv9HN0tQkHt-8M/edit#slide=id.p1

 

Examples of Demagoguery – Video Links

  1. Alex Jones, “Flies landing on Obama prove he is Satanic
  2.  
  3.  
  4. Silly TikTok showing clips of the language of “war” used by newscasters
  5.  
  6. Evan Sayh, “This is War
  7.  
  8.  
  9.  

10.  Questioner at Charlie Kirk TurningPoint USA conference, “When do we get to use the guns?

11.  General Flynn interviewed by Alex Jones on Jan 5, threatening politicians to “follow the truth” and change the election result.

12.  During a rally for Glenn Youngkin, supporters say Pledge of Allegiance to an American flag from January 6th insurrection. (Lincoln project ad based on this).

 

 

Possible causes of a "culture of demagoguery." 

 

Examine Wallace, Inaugural Speech, Warner, "Hoist it High," and Earnest (Poway Shooter letter)

Introduction to demagoguery - slides

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1tDSDK8Kt3FhV3loRP6WapTdklhsJYKv9HN0tQkHt-8M/edit#slide=id.p1

 

Examples of Demagoguery – Video Links

  1. Alex Jones, “Flies landing on Obama prove he is Satanic
  2.  
  3.  
  4. Silly TikTok showing clips of the language of “war” used by newscasters
  5.  
  6. Evan Sayh, “This is War
  7.  
  8.  
  9.  

10.  Questioner at Charlie Kirk TurningPoint USA conference, “When do we get to use the guns?

11.  General Flynn interviewed by Alex Jones on Jan 5, threatening politicians to “follow the truth” and change the election result.

12.  During a rally for Glenn Youngkin, supporters say Pledge of Allegiance to an American flag from January 6th insurrection. (Lincoln project ad based on this).

 

 

Possible causes of a "culture of demagoguery." 

 

Examine Wallace, Inaugural Speech, Warner, "Hoist it High," and Earnest (Poway Shooter letter)

Introduction to demagoguery - slides

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1tDSDK8Kt3FhV3loRP6WapTdklhsJYKv9HN0tQkHt-8M/edit#slide=id.p1

 

Examples of Demagoguery – Video Links

  1. Alex Jones, “Flies landing on Obama prove he is Satanic
  2.  
  3.  
  4. Silly TikTok showing clips of the language of “war” used by newscasters
  5.  
  6. Evan Sayh, “This is War
  7.  
  8.  
  9.  

10.  Questioner at Charlie Kirk TurningPoint USA conference, “When do we get to use the guns?

11.  General Flynn interviewed by Alex Jones on Jan 5, threatening politicians to “follow the truth” and change the election result.

12.  During a rally for Glenn Youngkin, supporters say Pledge of Allegiance to an American flag from January 6th insurrection. (Lincoln project ad based on this).

 

 

Possible causes of a "culture of demagoguery." 

 

Examine Wallace, Inaugural Speech, Warner, "Hoist it High," and Earnest (Poway Shooter letter)

Introduction to demagoguery - slides

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1tDSDK8Kt3FhV3loRP6WapTdklhsJYKv9HN0tQkHt-8M/edit#slide=id.p1

 

Examples of Demagoguery – Video Links

  1. Alex Jones, “Flies landing on Obama prove he is Satanic
  2.  
  3.  
  4. Silly TikTok showing clips of the language of “war” used by newscasters
  5.  
  6. Evan Sayh, “This is War
  7.  
  8.  
  9.  

10.  Questioner at Charlie Kirk TurningPoint USA conference, “When do we get to use the guns?

11.  General Flynn interviewed by Alex Jones on Jan 5, threatening politicians to “follow the truth” and change the election result.

12.  During a rally for Glenn Youngkin, supporters say Pledge of Allegiance to an American flag from January 6th insurrection. (Lincoln project ad based on this).

 

 

Possible causes of a "culture of demagoguery." 

 

Examine Wallace, Inaugural Speech, Warner, "Hoist it High," and Earnest (Poway Shooter letter)

Possible causes of a "culture of demagoguery." 

 

Examine Wallace, Inaugural Speech, Warner, "Hoist it High," and Earnest (Poway Shooter letter)

Possible causes of a "culture of demagoguery." 

 

Examine Wallace, Inaugural Speech, Warner, "Hoist it High," and Earnest (Poway Shooter letter)

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